Discover React.js Advanced Techniques: Components and State Handling

Exploring Core Concepts for Building Dynamic Web Applications


3 min read


Welcome back to our four-part series on React.js! In Part 1 ๐Ÿ”— , we discussed why React.js is a powerful framework for building dynamic web applications.

Now, in Part 2, we will delve deeper into the core concepts of React.js, including components, state, and props. By mastering these concepts, you'll gain a solid foundation to create more complex and interactive applications. So let's continue our React.js journey and unlock its full potential.


The Building Blocks of React.js At the heart of React.js lies its component-based architecture. Components are the building blocks of React applications, allowing you to encapsulate reusable and self-contained pieces of the user interface.

  • Functional Components

    Functional components are JavaScript functions that return JSX (JavaScript XML) elements. They are simpler and have concise syntax. Here's an example of a functional component:

import React from 'react';

function Greeting() {
  return <h1>Hello, React!</h1>;

export default Greeting;
  • Class Components

    Class components are ES6 classes that extend the React.Component class. They offer additional features such as lifecycle methods and local state management. Here's an example of a class component:

import React, { Component } from 'react';

class Counter extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.state = {
      count: 0,

  render() {
    return <h2>Count: {this.state.count}</h2>;

export default Counter;

State and Props

Managing Data in React.js State and props are essential concepts in React.js for managing and passing data between components.

  • State

    State represents the internal data of a component. It allows components to manage and update their data over time. To initialize state in a class component, use the constructor() method. Here's an example:

constructor(props) {
  this.state = {
    count: 0,

To update state, use the setState() method provided by the Component class:

this.setState({ count: this.state.count + 1 });
  • Props

    Props (short for properties) are read-only values passed from a parent component to its child components. They allow components to receive data and configuration from their parent. Here's an example of passing props to a functional component:

function Greeting(props) {
  return <h1>Hello, {}!</h1>;

// Usage
<Greeting name="John" />;

Resources to Dive Deeper

To enhance your understanding of React.js and reinforce your knowledge of components, state, and props, check out these resources:


In Part 2 of our series, we explored the core concepts of React.js, including components, state, and props. These concepts form the foundation of building dynamic and interactive web applications with React.js. By understanding how to create components and manage data through state and props, you're well on your way to harnessing the full power of React.js.

In the next part of our series, we'll delve into advanced topics such as handling events, using forms, and integrating external libraries with React.js. Stay tuned for more exciting discoveries with React.js!

But before we move on to Part 3, do you have any specific questions or topics you would like us to cover? Your feedback and input are valuable in shaping the content of our upcoming articles. Let us know your thoughts, and we'll be glad to incorporate them into our series. Happy coding!

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